Aluminum Related Bone Disease (ARBD)

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See also aluminum toxicity.  ARBD is rarely seen, but when present may be manifested by bone pain, fractures and proximal muscle weakness, hypercalcemia, variable elevation of PTH.  Dialysis dementia, in which the patient becomes confused, is related to aluminum toxicity.

National Kidney Foundation (NKF). (2003). K/DOQI clinical practice guidelines for bone metabolism and disease in chronic kidney disease.  American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 42 (4, Suppl. 3), S1-S202.  Retrieved from: http://www2.kidney.org/professionals/KDOQI/guidelines_bone/Guide11.htm.

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