Nephrology Glossary

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Increase in serum creatinine (SCr) greater than or equal to 0.3 mg/dl within 48 hours; or increase in SCr greater than or equal to 1.5 times baseline, which is known or presumed to have occurred within the prior 7 days or urine volume less than 0.5 mg/kg/h for 6 hours. ...
Non-immunological cause of failure of the transplanted kidney to function promptly, a form of delayed graft function (DGF). Donor related factors might include low blood pressure, inadequate renal perfusion during CPR or agonal periods, e.g. a victim of trauma. ...
A term used to describe the removal of urea (reflects concentrations of other more harmful uremic toxins) and solutes such as phosphorus and middle molecules. In hemodialysis this is based on thrice weekly dialysis. Kt/V is a measurement of adequacy. Adequacy in ...
Involves learning, planning and communication about the types of decisions that might need to be made about end-of-life or aggressive treatments if one becomes ill. Consideration of an individual’s values and preferences are an essential aspect of decision making. ...
Advanced practice in nephrology nursing requires substantial analytical knowledge in nephrology nursing, and the application and advancement of that knowledge in providing expert care to individuals diagnosed with kidney disease, their families, and the community at ...
Adynamic Bone Disease is a type of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) that is characterized by low-bone turnover without osteoid accumulation. Brandenburg, V. M. & Floege, J. (2008). Adynamic bone disease-bone and beyond. NDT Plus, 1 ...
Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (PCR) is a urinary diagnostic test for proteinuria. This is usually obtained as a random sample, but an early morning sample would be most accurate. Kidney Disease: Improving Global ...
An individual who volunteers to donate to an unknown recipient. A non-directed altruistic donor can either donate into the paired/pooled scheme to create a “chain” of transplants or donate anonymously to a patient on the national transplant list to create a single ...
See also aluminum toxicity. ARBD is rarely seen, but when present may be manifested by bone pain, fractures and proximal muscle weakness, hypercalcemia, variable elevation of PTH. Dialysis dementia, in which the patient becomes confused, is related to aluminum toxicity. ...
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 30 mL/min/1.73m 2 may experience aluminum toxicity from the inability to adequately excrete excess aluminum. Because aluminum is bound to plasma proteins, it is poorly dialyzable. ...